umrx-10q_20200630.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number: 001-38443

 

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

46-5308248

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

200 Cambridge Park Drive, Suite 3100

Cambridge, Massachusetts

 

02140

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip code)

(617) 945-5576

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common Stock, $0.001 Par Value

 

UMRX

 

The Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

 

As of August 7, 2020, the registrant had 38,263,127 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements, which reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, our operations and financial performance. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenue, projected costs, prospects, plan, objectives of management and expected market growth are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “should,” “expects,” “might,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “seek,” “would” or “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur. Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Some of the key factors that could cause actual results to differ from our expectations include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern;

 

the effects of our recently-initiated restructuring, including a substantial reduction in our workforce to reduce our operating costs;

 

the potential impacts of raising additional capital, including dilution to our existing stockholders, restrictions our operations or requirements that we relinquish rights to our technologies or product candidates;

 

business interruptions resulting from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak or similar public health crises, which could cause a disruption of the development of our product candidates and adversely impact our business;

 

the success, cost, and timing of our product development activities and clinical trials;

 

the timing of our planned IND submission to the FDA for our product candidate for PLX9486 and BOXR1030;

 

our ability to obtain and maintain regulatory approval for our PLX9486 and BOXR product candidates and any other product candidates we may develop, and any related restrictions, limitations, and/or warnings in the label of an approved product candidate;

 

the potential for our identified research priorities to advance our PLX9486 and BOXR platform;

 

the ability to license additional intellectual property relating to our product candidates from third-parties and to comply with our existing license agreements and collaboration agreements;

 

the ability and willingness of our third-party research institution collaborators to continue research and development activities relating to our product candidates;

 

our ability to commercialize our products in light of the intellectual property rights of others;

 

our ability to obtain funding for our operations, including funding necessary to complete further development and commercialization of our product candidates;

 

the scalability and commercial viability of our manufacturing methods and processes;

 

the commercialization of our product candidates, if approved;

 

our plans to research, develop, and commercialize our product candidates;

 

our ability to attract collaborators with development, regulatory, and commercialization expertise;

 

future agreements with third parties in connection with the commercialization of our product candidates and any other approved product;

i


 

the size and growth potential of the markets for our product candidates, and our ability to serve those markets;

 

the rate and degree of market acceptance of our product candidates;

 

the pricing and reimbursement of our product candidates, if approved;

 

regulatory developments in the United States and foreign countries;

 

our ability to contract with third-party suppliers and manufacturers and their ability to perform adequately;

 

the success of competing therapies that are or may become available;

 

our ability to attract and retain key scientific or management personnel;

 

the accuracy of our estimates regarding expenses, future revenue, capital requirements, and needs for additional financing;

 

our expectations regarding the period during which we qualify as an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act;

 

our use of the proceeds from the initial public offering, the Concurrent Private Placement and the Series A Preferred Stock as defined herein; and

 

our expectations regarding our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for our product candidates.

These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

ii


Unum Therapeutics Inc.

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

1

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

4

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

25

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

26

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

26

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

31

Item 6.

Exhibits

32

Signatures

33

 

 

 

iii


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

21,342

 

 

$

37,424

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

2,607

 

 

 

1,167

 

Total current assets

 

 

23,949

 

 

 

40,591

 

Operating lease, right-of-use asset

 

 

4,567

 

 

 

5,285

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1,284

 

 

 

1,865

 

Restricted cash

 

 

1,255

 

 

 

1,255

 

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

427

 

Total assets

 

$

31,055

 

 

$

49,423

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

632

 

 

$

3,183

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

5,627

 

 

 

7,131

 

Operating lease liability

 

 

1,698

 

 

 

1,619

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

312

 

 

 

1,315

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

8,269

 

 

 

13,248

 

Operating lease liability, net of current portion

 

 

3,545

 

 

 

4,413

 

Total liabilities

 

 

11,814

 

 

 

17,661

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued

   or outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 31,161,941

   shares and 30,663,054 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and

   December 31, 2019, respectively

 

 

32

 

 

 

30

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

156,588

 

 

 

155,624

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(137,379

)

 

 

(123,892

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

19,241

 

 

 

31,762

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

31,055

 

 

$

49,423

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


 

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Collaboration revenue

 

$

528

 

 

$

3,138

 

 

$

7,559

 

 

$

6,191

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

5,129

 

 

 

10,617

 

 

 

14,627

 

 

 

23,020

 

General and administrative

 

 

2,802

 

 

 

3,062

 

 

 

6,476

 

 

 

5,553

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

7,931

 

 

 

13,679

 

 

 

21,103

 

 

 

28,573

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(7,403

)

 

 

(10,541

)

 

 

(13,544

)

 

 

(22,382

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

3

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

50

 

 

 

175

 

Other income, net

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

Total other income (expense), net

 

 

10

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

57

 

 

 

175

 

Net loss

 

$

(7,393

)

 

$

(10,516

)

 

$

(13,487

)

 

$

(22,207

)

Net loss per common share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.24

)

 

$

(0.34

)

 

$

(0.44

)

 

$

(0.73

)

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

 

31,109,950

 

 

 

30,505,773

 

 

 

30,623,350

 

 

 

30,295,557

 

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(7,393

)

 

$

(10,516

)

 

$

(13,487

)

 

$

(22,207

)

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gains on marketable securities, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(7,393

)

 

$

(10,514

)

 

$

(13,487

)

 

$

(22,195

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


 

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balances at December 31, 2019

 

 

30,663,054

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

155,624

 

 

$

(123,892

)

 

$

31,762

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of

   stock options

 

 

207,292

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

38

 

Issuance of common stock under

   Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

57,011

 

 

 

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

 

 

 

35

 

Issuance of common stock, net of

   issuance costs

 

 

726,382

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

261

 

 

 

 

 

 

262

 

Acquisition and retirement of treasury stock

 

 

(831,847

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(807

)

 

 

 

 

 

(808

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

507

 

 

 

 

 

 

507

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,094

)

 

 

(6,094

)

Balances at March 31, 2020

 

 

30,821,892

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

155,657

 

 

$

(129,986

)

 

$

25,702

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of

   stock options

 

 

340,049

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

61

 

 

 

 

 

 

62

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

870

 

 

 

 

 

 

870

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,393

)

 

 

(7,393

)

Balances at June 30, 2020

 

 

31,161,941

 

 

$

32

 

 

$

156,588

 

 

$

(137,379

)

 

$

19,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Loss

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balances at December 31, 2018

 

 

30,057,970

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

152,275

 

 

$

(12

)

 

$

(92,059

)

 

$

60,234

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of

   stock options

 

 

60,852

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

726

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

726

 

Unrealized gains on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11,691

)

 

 

(11,691

)

Balances at March 31, 2019

 

 

30,118,822

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

153,012

 

 

$

(2

)

 

$

(103,750

)

 

$

49,290

 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of

   stock options

 

 

541,732

 

 

 

 

 

 

97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

97

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

885

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

885

 

Unrealized gains on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,516

)

 

 

(10,516

)

Balances at June 30, 2019

 

 

30,660,554

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

153,994

 

 

$

 

 

$

(114,266

)

 

$

39,758

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(13,487

)

 

$

(22,207

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

581

 

 

 

661

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

1,639

 

 

 

1,611

 

Realized loss on sales of marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Noncash consideration received from a customer

 

 

(808

)

 

 

 

Net amortization (accretion) of premiums (discounts) on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

(55

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

176

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(1,440

)

 

 

(503

)

Operating lease, right-of-use asset

 

 

718

 

 

 

673

 

Other assets

 

 

427

 

 

 

(427

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(2,551

)

 

 

141

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

(1,504

)

 

 

558

 

Operating lease liability

 

 

(789

)

 

 

(718

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(1,003

)

 

 

(2,774

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(16,217

)

 

 

(22,862

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

(42

)

Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

22,988

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

22,946

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock upon stock option exercises

 

 

100

 

 

 

108

 

Proceeds from issuance of stock from employee stock purchase plan

 

 

35

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

135

 

 

 

108

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(16,082

)

 

 

192

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

 

38,679

 

 

 

56,926

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

 

$

22,597

 

 

$

57,118

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


 

UNUM THERAPEUTICS INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

1. Nature of the Business and Basis of Presentation

Unum Therapeutics, Inc. (“Unum” or “the Company”) is a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing curative cell therapies for solid tumors. Unum’s novel proprietary technology includes Bolt-On Chimeric Receptor (BOXR), designed to improve the functionality of engineered T cells by incorporating a “bolt-on” transgene to overcome resistance of the solid tumor microenvironment (TME) to T cell attack. Unum was incorporated in March 2014 under the laws of the State of Delaware.

The Company also developed product candidates using its novel proprietary technology, Antibody-Coupled T cell Receptor (ACTR), an autologous engineered T-cell therapy that combines the cell-killing ability of T cells and the tumor-targeting ability of co-administered antibodies to exert potent antitumor immune responses. In March 2020, the Company announced a strategic restructuring plan to shift away from ACTR, and prioritize its resources towards advancing its preclinical program, BOXR1030, for the treatment of solid tumor cancers.

On July 6, 2020 the Company, as described in Note 12 (Subsequent Events), signed and closed the acquisition of Kiq Bio LLC (formerly Kiq LLC) (“Kiq”). Kiq is a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing a pipeline of novel therapies to treat cancer patients. Kiq’s most advanced program, PLX9486, is a highly potent and selective KIT D816V inhibitor that is being developed to treat systemic mastocytosis and GIST patients.

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties common to early-stage companies in the biotechnology industry, including, but not limited to, development by competitors of new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, the impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus, compliance with government regulations and the ability to secure additional capital to fund operations. Product candidates currently under development will require significant additional research and development efforts, including extensive preclinical and clinical testing and regulatory approval prior to commercialization. These efforts require significant amounts of additional capital, adequate personnel and infrastructure and extensive compliance-reporting capabilities. Even if the Company’s drug development efforts are successful, it is uncertain when, if ever, the Company will realize significant revenue from product sales.           

On April 1, 2019, the Company filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC. The shelf registration statement allows the Company to sell from time-to-time up to $150 million of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, or units comprised of any combination of these securities, for its own account in one or more offerings. The terms of any offering under the shelf registration statement will be established at the time of such offering and will be described in a prospectus supplement filed with the SEC prior to the completion of any such offering.

Additionally, on April 1, 2019 and pursuant to the Form S-3, the Company entered into a Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with Cowen and Company, LLC (“Cowen”), pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell, from time to time, shares of its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million through Cowen as the sales agent. As of June 30, 2020, no shares have been sold under this Sales Agreement.

As announced on March 2, 2020, the Company initiated a reduction in force that resulted in the termination of approximately 60% of the Company’s employee workforce, or 43 employees. These reductions were substantially completed by the end of first quarter of 2020. The reduction in force was approved in connection with the Company’s restructuring plans to prioritize resources towards advancing its preclinical program, BOXR1030, for the treatment of solid tumor cancers.

On March 19, 2020, the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC (“LPC”), pursuant to which the Company may elect to sell to LPC up to $25,000,000 in shares of its common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 726,382 shares of common stock to LPC as a commitment fee. As of June 30, 2020, no other shares have been issued or sold under this Purchase Agreement.

On March 26, 2020, the Company announced that it would be exploring strategic alternatives in order to maximize stockholder value and that the Company had engaged Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. Inc. to act as its strategic financial advisor to assist in the strategic review process. Subsequent to the balance sheet date, the Company successfully completed a transaction as disclosed in Note 12 (Subsequent Events).

On June 9, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment to its certificate of incorporation, which allows the board to effect a reverse stock split of all issued and outstanding shares of its common stock, as a ratio ranging from 1-for-5 to 1-for-10. The Company has yet to effect the reverse stock split as of June 30, 2020.

On July 9, 2020, the Company completed a private placement of 118,638 Series A Preferred Stock to new and existing investors in exchange gross proceeds of $104.4 million.

5


 

On December 31, 2019, the Company received a deficiency letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of the Nasdaq Stock Market notifying it that, for the last 30 consecutive business days, the bid price for the Company’s common stock had closed below the minimum $1.00 per share requirement for continued inclusion on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Minimum Bid Price Requirement”). In accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rules, the Company had an initial period of 180 calendar days to regain compliance with the minimum bid price rule, which has been tolled as of April 16, 2020 and will restart on July 1, 2020If the Company does not regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Requirement by September 11, 2020, then, under Nasdaq Listing Rules, the Company may transfer to The Nasdaq Capital Market, provided that it meets the continued listing requirement for the market value of publicly held shares and all other initial listing standards for The Nasdaq Capital Market, except for the Minimum Bid Price Requirement, and the Company would need to provide written notice to Nasdaq of its intention to cure the deficiency during the additional compliance period. Following a transfer to The Nasdaq Capital Market, under Nasdaq Listing Rules, the Company may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day compliance period. The Company is actively monitoring its stock price and will consider any and all options available to regain compliance. The alternatives to trading on the Nasdaq Stock Market or another national securities exchange are generally considered to be less efficient and less broad-based than the national securities exchanges and the liquidity of the Company’s common stock will likely be reduced if it fails to regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Requirement. Subsequent to the balance sheet date, the Company has received notification from the Nasdaq that the Company has regained compliance with the Nasdaq Listing Rules. 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of continuity of operations, realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business. The Company has incurred recurring losses since inception, including a net loss of $13.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $137.4 million. The Company expects to continue to generate operating losses in the foreseeable future. As of the issuance date of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company expects that its cash and cash equivalents, including the $104.4 million the Company received on July 9, 2020 from the Series A Preferred Stock private placement, will be sufficient to fund its operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months from issuance of the financial statements. The future viability of the Company beyond that point is dependent on its ability to raise additional capital to finance its operations.  

The Company expects that it will continue to incur significant expenses in connection with its ongoing business activities. The Company will need to seek additional funding through equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations, licensing arrangements and other marketing and distribution arrangements, partnerships, joint ventures, combinations or divestitures of one or more of its businesses. The Company may not be able to obtain financing on acceptable terms, or at all, and the Company may not be able to enter into collaborative arrangements or divest its assets. The terms of any financing may adversely affect the holdings or the rights of the Company’s stockholders. Arrangements with collaborators or others may require the Company to relinquish rights to certain of its technologies or product candidates. If the Company is unable to obtain funding, the Company could be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate its research and development programs or commercialization efforts, which could adversely affect its business prospects, or the Company may be unable to continue operations.

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2019 was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020 and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial statements. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K on file with the SEC. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2020 and results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 have been made. The Company’s results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.

6


 

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include those of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mono, Inc. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Risks and Uncertainties - Impact of the COVID-19 Coronavirus

The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The virus continues to spread globally, has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and has spread to over 100 countries, including the United States. The impact of this pandemic has been and will likely continue to be extensive in many aspects of society, which has resulted in and will likely continue to result in significant disruptions to the global economy, as well as businesses and capital markets around the world.

The spread of COVID-19 has caused the Company to modify its business practices, including implementing a work-from-home policy for all employees who are able to perform their duties remotely and restricting all nonessential travel, and it expects to continue to take actions as may be required or recommended by government authorities or as the Company determines are in the best interests of its employees, the patients it serves and other business partners in light of COVID-19. Potential impacts to the Company’s business include temporary closures of its facilities or those of its vendors, disruptions or restrictions on its employees’ ability to travel, disruptions to or delays in ongoing laboratory experiments and operations and the potential diversion of healthcare resources away from the conduct of clinical trials to focus on pandemic concerns, and its ability to raise capital. As of June 30, 2020, there have been no material impacts to the Company. As the impacts of COVID-19 continue to unfold, the Company will continually assess the impacts, as the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may materially impact the Company’s financial condition, liquidity or results of operations in the future is uncertain.  

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates and assumptions reflected in these condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, revenue recognition, the accrual of research and development expenses and the valuation of stock-based awards. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, known trends and other market-specific or other relevant factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates, as there are changes in circumstances, facts and experience. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may directly or indirectly impact its business, financial condition, and results of operations is highly uncertain and subject to change. The Company considered the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its estimates and assumptions and there is not a material impact to its condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020; however, actual results could differ from those estimates and there may be changes to its estimates in future periods.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires certain financial assets measured at amortized cost be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808): Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606. The main provisions of ASU 2018-18 include: (i) clarifying that certain transactions between collaborative arrangement participants should be accounted for as revenue when the collaborative arrangement participant is a customer in the context of a unit of account and (ii) precluding the presentation of transactions with collaborative arrangement participants that are not directly related to sales to third parties together with revenue. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods, and early adoption is permitted. The guidance per ASU 2018-18 is to be adopted retrospectively to the date of initial application of Topic 606. The Company adopted ASU 2018-18 on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, (“ASU 2018-13”). The new standard removes certain disclosures, modifies certain disclosures and adds additional disclosures related to fair value measurement. The new standard became effective on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which eliminates the need for an organization to analyze whether the following apply in a given period: (1) exception to the incremental approach for intra-period tax allocation; (2) exceptions to accounting for basis differences when there are ownership changes in foreign investments; and (3) exceptions in interim period income tax accounting for year-to-date losses that exceed anticipated losses. ASU No. 2019-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect that this standard will have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2020 Using:

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

 

 

$

487

 

 

$

 

 

$

487

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

487

 

 

$

 

 

$

487

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2019 Using:

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

 

 

$

485

 

 

$

 

 

$

485

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

485

 

 

$

 

 

$

485

 

 

The Company evaluates transfers between levels at the end of each reporting period. The Company has no financial assets or liabilities that were classified as Level 3 at any point during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

4. Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

June 30,

2020

 

 

December 31,

2019

 

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

 

$

1,033

 

 

$

2,500

 

Accrued external research and development expense

 

 

3,806

 

 

 

2,987

 

Accrued external manufacturing costs

 

 

133

 

 

 

750

 

Other

 

 

655

 

 

 

894

 

 

 

$

5,627

 

 

$

7,131

 

 

8


 

5. Collaboration Agreement

In June 2015, the Company entered into a Collaboration Agreement with Seattle Genetics (the “Collaboration Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Collaboration Agreement, the Company and Seattle Genetics agreed to jointly develop two product candidates incorporating its ACTR platform and Seattle Genetics’ antibodies. Under the Collaboration Agreement, the Company conducts preclinical research and clinical development activities related to the two specified product candidates through Phase 1 clinical development, and Seattle Genetics provides the funding for those activities.  Seattle Genetics will continue development activities of the two specified product candidates in collaboration with the Company unless it exercises one of its two options to opt-out from further development and commercialization activities for each of the two product candidates during specified periods subsequent to Phase 1 clinical development. In addition, the Company has an option to opt-out from further development and commercialization activities for each of the two product candidates, exercisable during a specified period subsequent to Phase 2 clinical development. If neither party exercises its options to opt-out from further development and commercialization activities for each product candidate, the parties will work together to co-develop and fund each product candidate after Phase 1 clinical development and Seattle Genetics will pay the Company specified collaboration and milestone payments upon the occurrence of specified events related to each product candidate of up to an aggregate of $400.0 million across the two active product candidates, consisting of $100.0 million of aggregate collaboration payments, $100.0 million of aggregate regulatory milestone payments and $200.0 million of aggregate commercial milestone payments. The individual collaboration payments are payable upon the occurrence of specified clinical development events and range up to $30.0 million per product candidate. The individual regulatory milestone payments are payable upon the first regulatory approval of each product in the United States and the first regulatory approval of each product in specified territories outside the United States and range up to $35.0 million per product. The individual commercial milestone payments are payable upon the achievement of specified aggregate annual net sales for each product and range up to $60.0 million per product. Through December 31, 2019, no milestones had been achieved or paid.

On January 16, 2020, the Company and Seattle Genetics entered into an agreement to terminate the Collaboration Agreement (the “Termination Agreement”) effective as of January 16, 2020 (the “Termination Effective Date”), pursuant to which the Parties will cease all research, development, manufacturing and other exploitations of any and all research candidates and development candidates under the Collaboration Agreement, including, without limitation, the development candidate ACTR-BCMA and a research candidate.

Pursuant to terms of the Termination Agreement, among other things, (i) Seattle Genetics paid the Company $5.75 million, (ii) Seattle Genetics surrendered, assigned and transferred to the Company all of its right, title and interest in the 831,847 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by Seattle Genetics, (iii) the Company will continue to pay all expenses for the wind-down of the ACTR-BCMA trial and (iv) Seattle Genetics paid all research and development costs incurred through the Termination Effective Date. In addition, the exclusivity provisions in the Collaboration Agreement terminate and each party will be free to research, develop and commercialize its individual intellectual property either by themselves or with third parties, subject to the intellectual property rights of the other party.

In considering all facts, including the suspension of the ATTCK-17-01 clinical trial as announced in November 2019 and the expected termination of the Collaboration Agreement in January 2020, as of December 31, 2019, the Company adjusted the estimated transaction price to be the $25.0 million upfront payment from 2015 and the total payments to be earned for preclinical research and clinical development activities through the Termination Date. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company adjusted the transaction price to include the Termination Payment of $5.75 million as well as the aggregate fair value of $0.8 million as of January 16, 2020 of the 831,847 shares of common stock received. The aggregate fair value of common stock received has been included as a noncash adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities within the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows. The Company also adjusted the costs to complete the remaining performance obligations to represent its best estimate as of June 30, 2020.          

Under the Collaboration Agreement and Termination Agreement, the Company recognized revenue of $0.5 million and $3.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $7.6 million and $6.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, deferred revenue of $0.3 million and $1.3 million, respectively, was recorded related to these agreements. As of June 30, 2020, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligation for clinical development activities related to closing the study is estimated to be approximately $0.3 million, which is expected to be recognized as revenue through fiscal 2020.

9


 

6. Loan and Security Agreement

The Company has a loan and security agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Pacific Western Bank (“PWB”), entered into in 2017, which provided for term loan borrowings of up to $15.0 million through January 19, 2019. Borrowings under the Loan Agreement bear interest at a variable annual rate equal to the greater of (i) the prime rate plus 0.25% or (ii) 3.75%, and were payable over an interest-only period until January 19, 2019, followed by a 24-month period of equal monthly payments of principal and interest. All amounts outstanding as of the maturity date of January 19, 2021 become immediately due and payable. In January 2019, the Company amended the Loan Agreement to extend the available date for borrowings from January 19, 2019 to June 30, 2019 and extend the interest only period from January 19, 2019 to June 30, 2020, with the possibility of further extension to March 31, 2021 if certain equity financing considerations are met. Additionally, the loan repayment period will be over a 24-month period following the end of the interest-only period. In June 2019, the Company further amended the Loan Agreement to extend the available date for borrowings from June 30, 2019 to June 30, 2020. On July 31, 2019, the Company amended the Loan Agreement to provide for changes to the primary depository requirements with PWB.

In connection with the Loan Agreement, the Company agreed to enter into warrant agreements with PWB pursuant to which warrants will be issued to purchase a number of shares of the Company’s capital stock equal to 1% of the amount of each term loan borrowing under the Loan Agreement, divided by the applicable exercise price.

Potential borrowings under the Loan Agreement are collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s assets, except for its intellectual property. Under the Loan Agreement, the Company has agreed to affirmative and negative covenants to which it will remain subject until maturity. These covenants include limitations on the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness and engage in certain fundamental business transactions, such as mergers or acquisitions of other businesses. There are no financial covenants associated with the Loan Agreement. Events of default under the Loan Agreement include failure to make payments when due, insolvency events, failure to comply with covenants and material adverse effects with respect to the Company.

No amounts have been borrowed as term loans under the Loan Agreement as of June 30, 2020 and the Loan Agreement expired on June 30, 2020.

7. Stock-Based Compensation

2018 Stock Option and Incentive Plan

The Company’s 2018 Stock Option and Incentive Plan, (the “2018 Plan”), which became effective on March 27, 2018 provides for the grant of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units, restricted stock awards, unrestricted stock awards, cash-based awards and dividend equivalent rights. The number of shares initially reserved for issuance under the 2018 Plan was 2,800,721. Additionally, the shares of common stock that remained available for issuance under the previously outstanding 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”) became available under the 2018 Plan. The number of shares reserved for the 2018 Plan automatically increase on each January 1 by 4% of the number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on the immediately preceding December 31 or a lesser number of shares determined by the Company’s board of directors. The shares of common stock underlying any awards that are forfeited, canceled, held back upon exercise or settlement of an award to satisfy the exercise price or tax withholding, repurchased or are otherwise terminated by the Company under the 2018 Plan or the 2015 Plan will be added back to the shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2018 Plan. The number of authorized shares reserved for issuance under the 2018 Plan was increased by 1,226,500 shares effective as of January 1, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, 4,254,405 shares remained available for future issuance under the 2018 Plan.

2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The Company’s 2018 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”) became effective on March 28, 2018 at which time a total of 314,000 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance. In addition, the number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the ESPP automatically increase on each January 1 through January 1, 2027, by the least of (i) 500,000 shares of common stock, (ii) 1% of the number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on the immediately preceding December 31 or (iii) such lesser number of shares as determined by the ESPP administrator. The number of authorized shares reserved for issuance under the ESPP was increased by 306,631 shares effective as of January 1, 2020. The first six month offering period was initiated on July 1, 2019. As of June 30, 2020, 57,011 shares have been issued under the ESPP and 864,200 shares remain available for issuance.

10


 

Stock Option Issuances

During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company granted service-based options to participants for the purchase of 4,491,663 shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $0.59 per share and a weighted average grant-date fair value of $0.46 per share.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense in the following expense categories of its condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Research and development expenses

 

$

466

 

 

$

588

 

 

$

703

 

 

$

1,187

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

404

 

 

 

297

 

 

 

936

 

 

 

424

 

Total

 

$

870

 

 

$

885

 

 

$

1,639

 

 

$

1,611

 

 

On April 8, 2020, the Company launched a tender offer to certain employee optionholders, subject to specified conditions, to exchange some or all of their outstanding options to purchase shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, for equivalent number of new options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. Pursuant to the exchange offer, all eligible employees elected to exchange outstanding options, and the Company accepted for cancellation options to purchase an aggregate of 2,169,674 shares of the Company’s common stock.

On May 7, 2020, immediately following the expiration of the exchange offer, the Company granted new options to purchase 2,169,674 shares of common stock, pursuant to the terms of the exchange offer and the Company’s 2018 Plan. As a result, the exercise price was determined to be $0.42, the fair value of the Company’s closing stock price on the grant date. No other terms of the exchanged stock options were modified, and the stock options will continue to vest according to their original vesting schedules and will retain their original expiration dates. The Company accounted for the exchange offer as an option modification and as a result, recorded $0.2 million in incremental stock-based compensation expense during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

As of June 30, 2020, total unrecognized compensation cost related to the unvested stock-based awards was $2.8 million, of which $1.7 million is expected to be recognized in the quarter ending September 30, 2020 in connection with the Kiq acquisition as described in Note 12 (Subsequent Events). The remaining is to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.

8. Commitments and Contingencies  

License Agreement

Under its license agreement with National University of Singapore and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Inc. (collectively the “Licensors”) entered into in 2014, the Company is obligated to pay license maintenance fees on each anniversary of the effective date of the agreement that escalate from less than $0.1 million for each of the first seven years to $0.1 million on the eighth anniversary and each year thereafter. The Company is also obligated to make aggregate milestone payments of up to 5.5 million Singapore dollars (equivalent to approximately $3.9 million as of June 30, 2020) upon the achievement of specified clinical and regulatory milestones and to pay tiered royalties ranging in the low single-digit percentages on annual net sales of licensed products sold by the Company or its sublicensees. The royalties are payable on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis and may be reduced in specified circumstances. Additionally, under certain circumstances, the Company is obligated to pay the Licensors a percentage of amounts received from sublicensees.

The license agreement will expire on a country-by-country basis until the last to expire of the patents and patent applications covering such licensed product or service. The Licensors may terminate the license agreement within 60 days after written notice in the event of a breach of contract. The Licensors may also terminate the agreement upon written notice in the event of the Company’s bankruptcy, liquidation, or insolvency. In addition, the Company has the right to terminate this agreement in its entirety at will upon 90 days’ advance written notice to the Licensors. However, if the Company has commenced the commercialization of licensed products, the Company can only terminate at will if it ceases all development and commercialization of licensed products. As of June 30, 2020, no milestones had been met.

11


 

Indemnification Agreements

In the ordinary course of business, the Company may provide indemnification of varying scope and terms to vendors, lessors, business partners and other parties with respect to certain matters including, but not limited to, losses arising out of breach of such agreements or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties. In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with members of its board of directors and its executive officers that will require the Company, among other things, to indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors or officers. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is, in many cases, unlimited. To date, the Company has not incurred any material costs as a result of such indemnifications. The Company is not aware of any claims under indemnification arrangements will have a material effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows, and it has not accrued any liabilities related to such obligations in its condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020 or its consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2019.

Legal Proceedings

The Company is not currently party to any material legal proceedings. At each reporting date, the Company evaluates whether or not a potential loss amount or a potential range of loss is probable and reasonably estimable under the provisions of the authoritative guidance that addresses accounting for contingencies. The Company expenses as incurred the costs related to such legal proceedings.

9. Net Loss Per Share

Basic and diluted net loss per common share was calculated as follows (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(7,393

)

 

$

(10,516

)

 

$

(13,487

)

 

$

(22,207

)

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common

   shares outstanding, basic

   and diluted

 

 

31,109,950

 

 

 

30,505,773

 

 

 

30,623,350

 

 

 

30,295,557

 

Net loss per common share, basic and diluted

 

$

(0.24

)

 

$

(0.34

)

 

$

(0.44

)

 

$

(0.73

)

 

The Company’s potential dilutive securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as the effect would be anti-dilutive and would result in a reduction to net loss per share. The Company excluded the following potential common shares, presented based on amounts outstanding at each period end, from the computation of diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders for the periods indicated above because including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Stock options to purchase common stock

 

 

3,156,113

 

 

 

4,685,428

 

Unvested restricted common stock units

 

 

321,596

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,477,709

 

 

 

4,685,428

 

 

10. Retirement Plan

The Company has a defined-contribution plan under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code (the “401(k) Plan”). The 401(k) Plan covers all employees who meet defined minimum age and service requirements and allows participants to defer a portion of their annual compensation on a pre-tax basis. As currently established, the Company is not required to make and to date has not made any contributions to the 401(k) Plan. The Company did not make any matching contributions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

12


 

11. Restructuring

On March 2, 2020, the Company announced the board of directors approved plans to reduce workforce and prioritize resources towards advancing the Company’s preclinical program, BOXR1030, for the treatment of solid tumor cancers. As a result, the Company reduced its headcount by approximately 60% during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

The Company recognized restructuring expenses consisting of one-time severance payments and other employee related costs of $0.1 million and $1.8 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. Cash payments for employee related restructuring charges of $1.8 million were paid as of June 30, 2020. The Company recorded these restructuring charges based on each employee’s role to the respective research and development and general and administrative operating expense categories of $1.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively, on its condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

A summary of the charges related to the restructuring activities as of June 30, 2020 is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

Charges

 

 

Less: Payments

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

Severance, benefits and relates costs

 

$

 

 

$

1,843

 

 

$

(1,818

)

 

$

25

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

1,843

 

 

$

(1,818

)

 

$

25

 

 

These amounts are included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the June 30, 2020 condensed consolidated balance sheet.

12. Subsequent Events

On July 6, 2020, the Company completed its asset acquisition of Kiq, in accordance with the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, signed and closed on July 6, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement”). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, at the closing of the Merger, the Company issued the securityholders of Kiq 6,235,903 shares of the common stock and 44,687 shares of Series A non-voting convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”). The Series A Preferred Stock is non-voting and is contingently convertible to common stock subject to stockholder approval. Following stockholder approval, each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into 1,000 shares of common stock at any time at the option of the holder thereof, subject to certain limitations. The estimated consideration for the transaction was approximately $44 million. The Company concluded to account for this purchase as an asset acquisition as substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired was concentrated in a single identifiable asset, the license rights.

The Company has agreed to hold a stockholders’ meeting to submit the approval of the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock into shares of common stock, the approval of an amendment to the certificate of incorporation of the Company to authorize sufficient shares of Common Stock for the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock issued and the approval of a reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of common stock for the purpose of maintaining compliance with Nasdaq listing standards.

In connection with the Kiq merger, on July 9, 2020, the Company also completed a private placement of 118,638 Series A Preferred Stock to new and existing investors in exchange gross proceeds of $104.4 million.

In connection with the transactions, a non-transferrable contingent value right (a "CVR") will be distributed to Unum stockholders of record as of the close of business on July 6, 2020, and prior to the issuance of any shares to Kiq or the PIPE investors. Holders of the CVR will be entitled to receive certain stock and/or cash payments from proceeds received by the Company, if any, related to the disposition of its legacy cell therapy assets for a period of three years following the closing of the transaction. The CVR is expected to be distributed to eligible stockholders approximately 30 days from the closing of the Kiq acquisition.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including but not limited to those set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Overview

On July 6, 2020, we completed our acquisition of Kiq Bio LLC (formerly Kiq LLC), a Delaware limited liability company (“Kiq”), in accordance with the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated July 6, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement”).

Through this acquisition of Kiq, we are now a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing a pipeline of novel therapies to treat cancer patients. Kiq’s most advanced program, PLX9486, is a clinical-stage, highly potent and selective KIT D816V inhibitor that is being developed to treat systemic mastocytosis and Gastrointestinal Solid Tumor (GIST) patients. PLX9486 has been administered to more than 50 advanced solid tumor and GIST patients in a Phase 1 / 2 clinical trial, with the vast majority of those patients living with advanced GIST. GIST is a disease frequently driven by mutations in the KIT tyrosine kinase, and resistance to therapy can be seen with the emergence of new KIT mutations. Anti-tumor activity for PLX9486 was observed in both single agent and combination settings, including in combination with sunitinib, an approved treatment option for GIST patients. Clinical data for PLX9486 were previously presented by Plexxikon, a member of the Daiichi Sankyo Group, at the Connective Tissue Oncology Society meeting in November 2017, and the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in June 2018.

On July 6, 2020, we shared updated clinical data in 18 patients dosed with PLX9486 in combination with sunitinib as part of our corporate presentation describing the Kiq acquisition, showing median progression free survival of eleven months. This was a heavily-treated advanced GIST population, where 72 percent of patients had previously been treated with sunitinib, 66 percent of patients had received three-or-more Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), and 50 percent of patients had received four-or-more TKIs. The overall response rate was 16.6 percent, including two partial responses and one complete response.

Based on these results, we plan to meet with the FDA to explore further clinical development of PLX9486 in combination with sunitinib in GIST patients, and plan to initiate an additional clinical study in GIST in the second half of 2021.

In addition to continuing the development of PLX9486 in GIST patients, we are pursuing development of the compound in patients living with advanced systemic mastocytosis (ASM) and indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM). Systemic mastocytosis is a disease almost entirely defined by KIT D816V, and patients with ASM have a significantly diminished quality of life and median survival of less than approximately 3.5 years. For patients with ISM, there are no available approved therapies, and while their lifespan is not shortened by the disease, these patients suffer from a poor quality of life and new treatment options are badly needed. Emerging clinical data for other kinase inhibitors with activity against KIT D816V have shown that the disease is highly sensitive to inhibition of the target. PLX9486 was specifically designed to selectively inhibit KIT mutations on exon 17, including KIT D816V, and we aim to expand the clinical development of this program to treat systemic mastocytosis patients.

Subject to feedback from regulatory authorities, we expect to initiate clinical trials in ASM patients in the first half of 2021, followed by trials in ISM patients in the second half of 2021. We expect to rapidly assess PLX9486 activity in mastocytosis patients by monitoring levels of serum tryptase, a relevant biomarker of disease activity which is elevated in these patients.

Worldwide rights to develop and commercialize PLX9486, as well as an additional selective KIT inhibitor, PLX0206, were exclusively licensed by Kiq from Plexxikon. Under the terms of the May 2020 agreement, Plexxikon received an upfront payment and is eligible for additional development milestones and mid- to high- single-digit royalty payments. Plexxikon has also committed to a transition plan to enable the seamless transfer of the program.

Patents protecting PLX9486 include composition of matter claims which have issued in the US and other key territories and provide exclusivity through 2033 and potentially beyond.

In addition to our small molecule efforts, we have developed proprietary technologies which enable cell therapy programs targeting cancers utilizing a patient's engineered T cells. Our BOXR (Bolt-On Chimeric Receptor) product candidates are designed to improve the functionality of T cells by incorporating a "bolt-on" transgene to counter the adverse effects of the solid tumor microenvironment on T cell function. Our ACTR (Antibody-Coupled T cell Receptor) product candidates incorporate a novel chimeric receptor that are designed to enable a co-administered, tumor-specific antibody to direct T cell targeting toward tumor cells.

In March 2020, we announced that we would be suspending further clinical testing of all ACTR product candidates and focusing efforts on advancing our BOXR platform with the aim of bringing the lead BOXR product candidate, BOXR1030, into clinical testing. With the acquisition of Kiq and the focus on development of novel precision kinase inhibitors, we are directing our cell therapy efforts towards the identification of an external partner who will have responsibility for future development of the technology and development of product candidates.

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All ACTR clinical trials are closed to further enrollment. We anticipate completing all closeout activities of 3 of 4 ACTR clinical trials by the end of the quarter ending September 30, 2020. We are initiating a study closeout plan for the fourth clinical trial and anticipate closing out the last ACTR clinical trial in the first half of 2021.

Since our inception in 2014, we have focused significant efforts and financial resources on building our ACTR and BOXR platforms, establishing and protecting our intellectual property portfolio, conducting research and development of our product candidates, manufacturing drug product material for use in preclinical studies and clinical trials, staffing our company, and raising capital. We do not have any products approved for sale and have not generated any revenue from product sales. To date, we have funded our operations primarily with proceeds from the sales of preferred stock, our initial public offering of common stock and Concurrent Private Placement (as further discussed below), and payments received under our Collaboration Agreement with Seattle Genetics. On April 3, 2018, we completed our initial public offering (IPO) of our common stock and issued and sold 5,770,000 shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $12.00 per share, resulting in net proceeds of approximately $61.5 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering costs. In addition, we completed a Concurrent Private Placement of $5.0 million of shares of common stock at the public offering price of $12.00 per share, or 416,666 shares, with Seattle Genetics (“Concurrent Private Placement”).

In connection with our IPO, we issued and sold an additional 215,000 shares of our common stock on April 25, 2018, pursuant to the underwriters’ partial exercise of their option to purchase additional shares of common stock at the public offering price of $12.00 and received additional net proceeds of $2.4 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions.

On April 1, 2019, we filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC. The shelf registration statement allows us to sell from time-to-time up to $150.0 million of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, or units comprised of any combination of these securities, for its own account in one or more offerings. The terms of any offering under the shelf registration statement will be established at the time of such offering and will be described in a prospectus supplement filed with the SEC prior to the completion of any such offering.

Additionally, on April 1, 2019 and pursuant to the Form S-3, we entered into a Sales Agreement (the “Sales Agreement”) with Cowen and Company, LLC (“Cowen”), pursuant to which we may issue and sell, from time to time, shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million through Cowen as the sales agent. As of June 30, 2020, no shares have been issued or sold under this Sales Agreement.

On March 19, 2020, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC (“LPC”), pursuant to which we may elect to sell to LPC up to $25.0 million in shares of our common stock, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we issued 726,382 shares of common stock to LPC as a commitment fee. As of June 30, 2020, no other shares have been sold under this Purchase Agreement.

On March 26, 2020, we announced that it would be exploring strategic alternatives in order to maximize stockholder value and that we had engaged Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. Inc. to act as our strategic financial advisor to assist in the strategic review process.

On June 9, 2020, our stockholders approved an amendment to our certificate of incorporation, which allows the board to effect a reverse stock split of all issued and outstanding shares of our common stock, as a ratio ranging from 1-for-5 to 1-for-10. We have yet to effect the reverse stock split as of June 30, 2020.

On July 9, 2020, we completed Private Investment in Public Equity (“PIPE”) with existing and new investors to raise gross proceeds of $104.4 million in which the investors were issued shares of Series A Preferred Stock at a price of $880 per share or, $0.88 per share on an as-converted-to-common basis.

Since our inception, we have incurred significant operating losses. Our ability to generate product revenue sufficient to achieve profitability will depend heavily on the successful development and eventual commercialization of one or more of our product candidates. Our net losses were $13.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $137.4 million. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and operating losses for at least the next several years. We expect that our expenses and capital requirements will increase substantially in connection with our ongoing activities, particularly if and as we:

 

continue additional clinical trials for our product candidates;

 

continue to discover and develop additional product candidates;

 

acquire or in-license other product candidates and technologies;

 

maintain, expand, and protect our intellectual property portfolio;

 

hire additional clinical, scientific, and commercial personnel;

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establish manufacturing capabilities in-house;

 

establish a commercial manufacturing source and secure supply chain capacity sufficient to provide commercial quantities of any product candidates for which we may obtain regulatory approval;

 

seek regulatory approvals for any product candidates that successfully complete clinical trials;

 

establish a sales, marketing, and distribution infrastructure to commercialize any products for which we may obtain regulatory approval; and

 

add operational, financial, and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our product development and planned future commercialization efforts, as well as to support our transition to a public reporting company.

We will not generate revenue from product sales unless and until we successfully complete clinical development and obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates. If we obtain regulatory approval for any of our product candidates and do not enter into a commercialization partnership, we expect to incur significant expenses related to developing our internal commercialization capability to support product sales, marketing, and distribution.

As a result, we will need substantial additional funding to support our continuing operations and pursue our growth strategy. Until such time as we can generate significant revenue from product sales, if ever, we expect to finance our operations through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings, collaborations, strategic alliances, and marketing, distribution, or licensing arrangements. We may be unable to raise additional funds or enter into such other agreements or arrangements when needed on favorable terms, or at all. If we fail to raise capital or enter into such agreements as, and when, needed, we may have to significantly delay, scale back, or discontinue the development and commercialization of one or more of our product candidates.

Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with pharmaceutical product development, we are unable to accurately predict the timing or amount of increased expenses or when, or if, we will be able to achieve or maintain profitability. Even if we are able to generate product sales, we may not become profitable. If we fail to become profitable or are unable to sustain profitability on a continuing basis, then we may be unable to continue our operations at planned levels and be forced to reduce or terminate our operations.

As of June 30, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents of $21.3 million. We expect that our current cash and cash equivalents, including the $104.4 million we received on July 9, 2020 from the Series A Preferred Stock private placement, will be sufficient to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements beyond 2022.

The COVID-19 Pandemic

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, or COVID-19, as a pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the United States and worldwide. We could be materially and adversely affected by the risks, or the public perception of the risks, related to an epidemic, pandemic, outbreak, or other public health crisis, such as the recent outbreak of COVID-19. We are monitoring the global outbreak and spread of COVID-19 and have taken steps to identify and mitigate the adverse impacts on, and risks to, our business posed by its spread and actions taken by governmental and health authorities to address the COVID-19 pandemic. The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to modify our business practices, including implementing a work-from-home policy for all employees who are able to perform their duties remotely and restricting all nonessential travel, and we expect to continue to take actions as may be required or recommended by government authorities or as we determine are in the best interests of our employees, the patients we serve and other business partners in light of COVID-19. Given the fluidity of the COVID-19 pandemic however, we do not yet know the full extent of the potential impact of COVID-19 on our business operations. The ultimate extent of the impact of any epidemic, pandemic, outbreak, or other public health crisis on our business, financial condition and results of operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information that may emerge concerning the severity of such epidemic, pandemic, outbreak, or other public health crisis and actions taken to contain or prevent the further spread, among others. Accordingly, we cannot predict with certainty the extent to which our business, financial condition and results of operations will be affected. We will continue to work diligently with our partners and stakeholders to continue advancing our product candidate under regulatory review as well as in our clinical studies to the extent safe to do so for patients, caregivers and healthcare practitioners, and ensuring the continuity of our manufacturing and supply chain. For additional information related to the potential impact of COVID-19 on our business, please read Part II-Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

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Components of Our Results of Operations

Revenue

To date, we have not generated any revenue from product sales and do not expect to generate any revenue from the sale of products in the near future. If our development efforts for our product candidates are successful and result in regulatory approval or additional license or collaboration agreements with third parties, we may generate revenue in the future from a combination of product sales or payments from additional collaboration or license agreements that we may enter into with third parties. We expect that our revenue for the next several years will be derived primarily from any collaborations that we may enter into in the future.  

In June 2015, we entered into a Collaboration Agreement with Seattle Genetics (the “Collaboration Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Collaboration Agreement, Unum and Seattle Genetics agreed to jointly develop two product candidates incorporating our ACTR platform and Seattle Genetics’ antibodies. Under the Collaboration Agreement, we conduct preclinical research and clinical development activities related to the two specified product candidates through Phase 1 clinical development, and Seattle Genetics provides the funding for those activities. As a result of the Collaboration Agreement with Seattle Genetics, we recognized revenue of $0.5 million and $3.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $7.6 million and $6.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to the upfront payment received from Seattle Genetics under our Collaboration Agreement as well as reimbursements of research and development costs. In November 2019, Unum and Seattle Genetics suspended further dose-escalation of the ATTCK-17-01 trial and associated research activities and are evaluating next steps for the programs. See Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements herein for further discussion related to this suspension.

On January 16, 2020, Unum and Seattle Genetics announced an agreement to terminate the ATTCK-17-01 Phase 1 clinical trial and other research activities under the collaboration. Pursuant to terms of the Termination Agreement, among other things, (i) Seattle Genetics paid Unum $5.75 million, (ii) Seattle Genetics surrendered, assigned and transferred to Unum all of its right, title and interest in the 831,847 shares of our common stock owned by Seattle Genetics, (iii) we will continue to be responsible for and pay all expenses for the wind-down of the ACTR-BCMA trial and (iv) Seattle Genetics paid all research and development costs incurred through the Termination Effective Date. In addition, the exclusivity provisions in the Collaboration Agreement terminate and each party will be free to research, develop and commercialize their individual intellectual property (either by themselves or with third parties, subject to the intellectual property rights of the other party.

In considering all facts known, including the suspension of the ATTCK-17-01 clinical trial as announced in November 2019 and the expected termination of the Collaboration Agreement in January 2020, as of December 31, 2019, we adjusted the estimated transaction price to be the $25.0 million upfront payment from 2015 and the total payments to be earned for preclinical research and clinical development activities through the Termination Date. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we adjusted the transaction price to include the Termination Payment of $5.75 million as well as the aggregate fair value of $0.8 million as of January 16, 2020 of the 831,847 shares of common stock received. We also adjusted the estimated costs to complete the remaining performance obligation to represent our best estimate as of June 30, 2020.

Operating Expenses

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for our research activities, including our drug discovery efforts, and the development of our product candidates, which include:

 

employee-related expenses, including salaries, related benefits, and stock-based compensation expense for employees engaged in research and development functions;